Process and costs of buying in Spain
SPANISH PURCHASE PROCESS
- Review and sign the reservation contract along with a deposit, and start the diligence process.
- After due diligence checks, if you are buying off plan you will sign the private purchase contract, do the payment (25% – 40%) of the purchase Price. Payments and terms depend on the agreement.
- New properties are paid over the construction period, all payments being made before its completion must be guaranteed by a bank or insurance company. Bank guarantees are mandatory should have no expiration date as per Law 57/68.
- Complete before a Notary Public and make payment of the balance remaining.
UNDERSTAND THE COSTS OF BUYING
As a buyer of property in Spain there are a number of costs and taxes over the property price that you will have to pay. Depending upon whether you are buying a new property from a developer or a resale.
- NEW BUILD FROM DEVELOPER OR BANK.
VAT & Stamp-duty (IVA & Actos Jurídicos Documentados – AJD)
At present VAT (known as IVA in Spain) is 10% on the purchase price of residential properties and 21% for commercial properties and plots of land, with the exception of the Canaries. Both VAT and Stamp Duty 1.5% are paid by the buyer.
- RESALE FROM A PRIVATE INDIVIDUAL.
Transfer Tax (Impuesto sobre Transmisiones Patrimoniales – ITP)
The Transfer Tax rate is ceded to the autonomous regions, who can choose to apply the general rate, or their own rate. The rate in Andalucía is as follows:
8% – if the final price of the property is under 400,000€
9% – if the final price of the property is between 400,000€ and 700,000€.
10% – if the final price of the property is over 700,000€.
- OTHER COST AT THE TIME OF PURCHASING
Public notary and land registry 1%
Additional public notary and land registry fee in case of purchase with a Spanish mortgage 1%. Lawyer´s fee 1%+ VAT.
ANNUAL PROPERTY COST
- COMMUNITY FEES
Fees will vary depending on the size of gardens, facilities, number of lifts, if there is private security, etc.
- UTILITY SERVICES
These include electricity, water and gas and vary depending on your personal consumption.
- Electricity – Is normally paid each two months.
- Water – Paid once a month and ranges between.
The building will be insured by the community. Your property insurance will be for contents and damage by fire and water etc. It is mandatory that in a communal building owner are insured.
- TOWN HALL TAX (IBI)
This is a local tax applied to the ownership of property in Spain, irrespective of whether the owner is a resident or not. Calculated on the basis of the cadastral value (an administrative value that is usually lower than the market value) set by the town hall the tax rate goes from 0.4% – 1.1% of the valor cadastral depending on the Spanish region. The payment is made once a year